Home Lifestyle Photo Gallery UPND Mtendere Campaign in Pictures LifestylePhoto Gallery UPND Mtendere Campaign in Pictures January 10, 2015 504 92 Facebook Twitter WhatsApp Print Linkedin Email Viber Mtendere rally in support of Presidential candidate Hakainde Hichilema Mtendere rally in support of Presidential candidate Hakainde Hichilema Mtendere rally in support of Presidential candidate Hakainde Hichilema Mtendere rally in support of Presidential candidate Hakainde Hichilema Mtendere rally in support of Presidential candidate Hakainde Hichilema [Read 40 times, 1 reads today]Related Posts:UPND Conclude ‘HH Will Fix It’ Campaign in MtendereUPND to hold thanksgiving rally in Mtendere tomorrowUPND postpones Mtendere rally8 UPND cadres were assaulted by PF Cadres in Mtendere Compound-KanganjaPolice removes UPND Campaign Posters; We are not in Campaign Season Loading... RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Mungwi District Hospital in Pictures The 2019 Inter Company Relay in Pictures Fred M’membe’s Copperbelt Weekend Rally in Pictures 92 COMMENTS SMALL NUMBERS IN A BIG CITY..UPND HAVE FAILED TO DRAW CROWDS..A SIGN THEY HAVE LOST THE ELECTIONS EVEN BEFORE 20TH.. January 21, it will be announced…Edgar Lungu is leading in the elections January 23/24 it will be announced…Edgar Lungu has won the elections By the first week of February it will be announced…HH has resigned as UPND president.. ****VIVA EDGAR LUNGU 2015 AND 2016**** 0 0 Pictures don’t lie. Am sure HE’S minions will start making unreasonable comments on these pictures depicting UPND’s obvious path to defeat! 0 0 @2020 vision, please stop making the UPND cadres cry. They should keep the tears for 23rd January 2015 0 0 iwe 2020 Vision,kaili the people HH used to rent are now tired of being moved from town to town,they are fatigued big time……that’s how come he’s now drawing few people to his rallies! 0 0 Its HH all the way. We dont want to be ruled by patients and drunkards. HH2015 0 0 Lusaka was raining cats and dogs….it just stopped raining a few minutes before the rally and yet thousands came…no ferrying of attendees like the Panga family does 0 0 Panga Family cadres take it ease. These photos were not captured to show you the swarm of people at the rally. They were more than 65, 000 people at the rally today. UPND does not campaign using photos like what this boy Emmanuel Mwamba does by making the sure that the helicopter flies over the crowd. We have no time for that because UPND campaigns with MESSAGES not photos. The wind of change has wrapped up Lusaka. People want change for the better not for the worse. When the Panga Family regime came into power in 2011, a 25kg breakfast mealie-meal bag was costing K32.00 but today the same bag is selling in the range of K75.00 and K90.00. One (1) United States Dollar (USD) was 4,300.98 against Zambian Kwacha (ZMK) but today 1 USD is equal to 6,599.98 ZMK – indeed this is… 0 0 Do not lie, how did you count the people that they were 65000. Why not 67000 or 60500? This rally was HH’s Lusaka nightmare. Wherever he is now, he is worried about Lusaka. 0 0 change but change for the worse. Lusaka has promised today to vote intelligently by electing HH the only presidential candidate with a track record of being a SUPER ACCOMPLISHER with the ability to govern effectively. Like he has already been, this time around he will be a chief executive officer (CEO) of the biggest entity in Zambia. A CEO who will run our government to produce the results people need. A CEO with the ability to put socio-economic policies into effect and to ensure that they are followed and accountability espoused so as to have all the ministries run effectively. Today people of Lusaka promised that they will go to bed on the night of 20th January knowing that they voted intelligently for HH who will bring best outcomes for the whole nation and generations to… 0 0 UPND friends, please accept that this was not a crowd befitting HH after all his campaign this far. This crowd was pulled from all around Lusaka at 11th hour. In a normal situation this crowd is far disappointing because Mutendere, Kalingalinga and surrounding areas have a huge population. Just Kalingalinga alone, could have given more people. This shows that people in the area Shunned HH. Only those who do not live in this area may argue against what Iam saying. Remember, this is Munali constituency, it is big. The rally was a disaster. 0 0 All reasonable farmers and poor people suffering from the delayed payments, high cost of living and lack of requisites in health centres have decided to vote PF out of office. For me I will vote PF out because of 90 days lies, weak Kwacha and high debt. 0 0 I doubt if there is any candidate who will get more 53% of the votes in Lusaka. The votes will be split almost equally between HH and Lungu. Though I expect Lungu to get around 57% on the Copperbelt while HH is likely to get around 40%. 0 0 It was raining in Lusaka until 14.00hrs 0 0 Thats huge crowd I am seeing here given that it was held at a very small ground and the rains also compounded the problem. It gets better, these are people who willingly went to attend the rally without being ferried like PF will be doing when they hold another rally at Kanyama. PF minions never cease to amaze me at all. For every thing is opposite of reality like they think in reverse. Yes crowds dont lie, people have have up their minds and will vote HH no matter what. Next stop Eastern province to find out if the farmers in Petauke got their K30million PF owes them. Then Katete, Chipata then to Kasama ,Mansa, Ndola, Kitwe and finally Mandevu. I hear rigging formula has gone horribly wrong, because Chungu and Nsanda are not happy with RB’s MOU. Hate or not HH is… 0 0 This is not Mulungushi where Lungu won by show of hands, a lot of UPND supporters are sober Zambians who have decided they will vote. It’s the Panga Family which depends on show of hands . Anyway Lungu will be a disgrace even if he rigs his way into State House . Rupiah will invite him home and show him some blue and green label . while Banda runs the show. All those copperbelt thugs and Mchinga forest family will be as disappointed as UPND if not more so because they will have suffered the biggest Donchi kubauza. For those who don’t know history. This is exactly how Kaunda pretending to be a aBemba from Chinsali hoodwinked Kapwepwe that he will represent them meanwhile he brought in Grey Zulu and Kamanga while Kapwepwe had to break away and form UPP. Emmanuel will cry… 0 0 My friend, EL at Mulungushi was declared winner because he was unopposed, the asking of hands was just to confirm that. In any event if if it was not done there was no problem either. This was confirmed by the Courts. Have you heard HH saying about it anymore? He understands how such meetings are done.The Roberts Rules of Order had been followed to the book. Do not be emotional only try to learn how such events are conducted, then you will understand. Have you attend serious meetings before? These things happen and they are correct. Now why do you think we should vote for HH, this what you should be selling. 0 0 Zambian eye has reported that despite UPND supporters being beaten up and prevented from going to the rally because they were wearing UPND T shirts, HH ‘s still attracted a huge crowd. HH paraded the beated UPND supporters at the rally for all to see. What a shame. PF is now trying HH’s patience far too much. Very soon he will crack and let his supporters hit back . Any way like I said, we have the videos and pictures of all PF cadres who have been attacking people. After the elections, we will be up loading the pictures for all to see. 0 0 To all losing bitter UPND cadres and bloggers so those buses which are clearly seen in the pictures are just there to ferry other people and not the people at the rally?? As for the rain some of you endorsers of UPND abroad that are not even voting are talking about, is that not sunshine in the pictures we can all see..excuses, excuses, so does this mean even if alot of people come to attend HH’s rally in Southern Prov you wont be happy or it wont make a difference to your vote..elections 101-attendance at rallies is directly proportional to voter outcome meaning you guys have lost even before the elections..wanzelu, sara, blago and the rest of HH’s team delusional buy yourselves a good set of napkins for the tears and be strong don’t start thinking of suicide.. *VIVA… 0 0 U are very jealous of hh my dear. There was a big cloud of people unless you tell me you are blind to see and deaf to hear. 0 0 UPND POSTING VIOLENT PICTURES FROM IVORY COAST AND OTHER WARTON AREAS TO SHOW THAT THERE IS EXTENSIVE VIOLENCE IN OUR ELECTIONS The United Party for National Development (UPND) is attempting to compel the Electoral Commission of Zambia (ECZ) to stop political campaigns prematurely by claiming that campaigns have degenerated to violent levels The party is engaged in manufacturing acts of violence in Lusaka and Kitwe and posting such images pictures on their sites depicting violent and gory images. The last few days has seen known UPND cadres dressed in PF attires wielding Pangas and slashing them on the tarmac road. Strangely the cadres are usually accompanied by a TV crew from a known station. 0 0 2011, upnd only managed 11% of the votes in Lsk; these crowds are indicative of an upswing in their stock. When you look at their Strategy you will understand the main objectives have been (1) reduce the huge marginal losses suffered in pf strongholds of N, L, M (2) eliminate pf to bare 0-10% presence in upnd strongholds & (3) with reduced marginal losses, maintain a float vote of 15-20% in L, N & M & (4) manage 40-45% in CB, Lsk by exploiting the MMD vote; (5) get 50-55% in C and (6) hammer pf by 70-85% in W, Nw & S. This strategy will produce overall results as follows: PF 35-40 % and upnd 41-48% 0 0 ****The Axis of Evil**** 1. Gen 2. Robin 3. Nubian Princess 4. 2020 Vision 5.. Big L 6. Mo Taim The Redeemed (No longer on the list) 1. Mushota 2. Saulosi 3. Senior Citizen 0 0 Yaba this was disaster. And he claims to have won this election. The ranch u sold just to fund these elections will be the most painful thing in your life. 15 million dollars- iyo that’s why u re panicking 0 0 It’s forward! We are not going back in this country. Enough of pangas and mediocrity and lies from PF. 0 0 HH now knows that the die is cast. His Mutendere rally was a disaster. It was to start at 10 hours and only took off around 16-17 hours. The UPND had to run around the city to hire buses (Flash buses among others) to ferry people. You can see from the pictures that they were taken late afternoon. PF has taken Lusaka no doubt. UPND had taken the elections for granted and did not heed advise and now reality has downed on them, lose. I really feel for HH, after all he has spent only to lose again. It could be time for him to take a rest. Bye bye HH at least you tried. 0 0 Yebo Nkosi as Katondo Boys, you can see for yourself that there is a sea of people at the UPND rally. PF muchibe Viva HH 0 0 My brother, yes I see those people at the rally, I was actually in that area. But really, being a Saturday and a rally called by a big party like UPND, it is clear that it was a struggle to convene this rally. It was only done with a contingency measure, which I would call cosmetic crowd. By 15 hours that is when flush buses could be seen transporting people. A genuine crowd would come on their own in a city like Lusaka. Only the core cadres are transported. For this rally the locals in Mutendere, kalingalinga, UNZA, etc had mostly shunned it. The attendance was not what HH and team expected. I know many of my UPND friend will not be comfortable with this comment, but that is what happened. Ask our UPND organises, if they are honest they will agree with my observation.. 0 0 Sara is a pathological liar like her boyfriend HH. UPND cadres were going out dishing out money to street boys and girls to come and listen to their politician. People are fed up with HH’s yapping. Wait for next week’s EL’s Lusaka rallies- There will be 4 rallies in Lusaka over two days. That will show the satanists the power of Christians. 0 0 Wanzelu, who does not know ZWD and ZE are owned by tongas? Who does not know who finances ZWD, money launderer who has ruined many small business owners, who is funding HH’s campaign via his Italian Mafia friend who took over FJT Institute. 0 0 These Photos are iam seeing do not show few people.How big is mutendere ,This rally was for Mutendere people and not the whole Lusaka you dull PF cadres.In UPND we don’t very people we would like to meet people were they are.The numbers are big as shown on the photo.RB had a rally on the same spot check the numbers you will discover that he draw a small croud.HH is surely winning this one. 0 0 @You 2020vision or what ever you call your self,to you those numbers are small.Maybe you don’t have eyes,go and buy spectacles.The numbers are big bane stop lies.It was well attended rally. 0 0 It’s not about HH or EL. It’s about the policies and message for Zambia. HH has development plans and answers. He is here to help for is rich. Get the messages no hate 0 0 Zambians in diaspora endorse Hakainde Hichilema(updated)###### Lusaka Times, you’ve guts to speak on my behalf. Politics is way more than a dirt game. Therefore, I’ve never and will never ENDORSE anyone during campaign because being in office is completely different making FALSE promises. Actually I don’t even know this baby boy HH, HH my behind. 0 0 Just shut your stinking hateful mouth. Useless. Continue cleaning old assessment in UK. Your none endorsement as an individual fool doesnt matter. 0 0 Zambia united! Flight HH2015 will land on 20th January 2015. Viva HH Abash corrupt RB 0 0 We do not need to attend ralliés to vote for HH. I for one did not attend but i’m voting for HH 0 0 Same with me. I also know 5 workmates who are voting HH but dont do rallies. I also know my 5 family members who will vote HH but dont do rallies. May be I just need to add that in 2006, 2008 and 2011, I voted PF because Sata was convincing but this time around HH is more convincing than Lungu with his “no vision”. 0 0 HH, all the way, paka state house. I was on my way to rally when I find roads impassable due to rain water then retreated but your vote HH is guaranteed and my whole family of 10 voters. Faka mulilo HH. 0 0 I’m coming home to vote Viva HH 0 0 Let your family members and workmates speak for themselves. Why are you talking on their behalf? You are trying to comfort and make yourself happy. Let’s wait for the election results after 20/01/2015 0 0 I’m in diaspora, I have endorsed EL. 0 0 Dear PF, Iam also a PF Member and I would like to say that there is no need for our Party to be suprised with the declaration by HH. This is because from the look of things, this Tonga Man is winning wether we lik we it or not. Let us not be cheated by the Propaganda Rallies we are showing on ZNBC, the majority of poeple are just transported and are always not real residents of the areas we conduct our meetings. But as for HH, everything he does is authentic and real. HH will win these elections unless we rig the elections. It is like our propaganda with ZNBC is not working to our advantage. If anything let us just withdraw our campaign to save our little resources we borrowed from Nigeria’s Boko Haram, and ask President HH to help us settle the loan. HH is Winning. 0 0 Imposer! PF members don’t and will never talk like you. Where is your Masebo, Mwaanga Mutati and Maureen? Ili bad situation, abene ba seat ba EL nabesa. Alesia, Aleisa, Aleisa, EL, mwapya! 0 0 HH is not winning am not UPND or PF but I saw buses full of cadres going to mtendere. Sadly his political ends on the 20th of January. The people surrounding him are deceiving him. 0 0 how did you see when you are in USA 0 0 What makes you think anyone who reads your message will believe it? Look at your name? CNP! 0 0 Ba kapoli imwe, stop perpetual lies….why are you PF cadres not ashamed of always telling ubufi. How do you say you were at the rally in Lusaka when it is clearly showing that you are based in the USA-some 20 hours flight from Zambia? Dull PF………please Zambians, do not give these shameless clueless liars a chance again!! Its time to recall all these uneducated cadres posing as diplomats world-wide, who undeservedly found themselves there due to nepotism. This is the time to cut down the ‘forestry tree’ and burn it for charcoal, no more getting positions because your yamaa is a political chakuti, but based on qualifications!! We want a fresh start, we are tired of Pangas and mediocrity ………. 0 0 You will tell me pa 20 guys. I was heading into town around 15. When I saw a Rosa and mini-buses with supporters headin to mtendere. Go ask anyone at first bus stop they will tell you. 0 0 I’m in dar es sallam & i knw my 800 family members who we be voting for HH they where not there… So don’t see numbers then judge coz u will cry…. 0 0 I thought he should have been at church. Who is HH and Pastor Akombwa cheating that HH is an elder at central church. If it is true then all well meaning zambians should be careful voting HH coz he doea not mean that which he says.Serioualy adventist are exmplary people who can not be campaigning on the sabbath unless the reason of their reason of existance has changed – sabbath keeping. 0 0 That was a big sabbath 0 0 You will be touched by how your Lungu will lose these elections. You bring in irrelevant issues all the time trying to console yourself but reality will dawn on you on 21st January that the HH you hate with passion for no reason apart from tribe will win with a huge margin, I repeat, a huge margin. No one chose to be born what they are and only *****s think they come from a superior tribe which should be supported by other tribes all the time. This time, mukaswaba ahulu. 0 0 @JK,not only is he breaking the Sabbath,he was at Bread of Life celebrating Christmas when SDA’s doctrine does not allow….Dr.Akombwa needs to come clean on this one,otherwise he will destroy the doctrine of the church instead of protecting it. 0 0 I agree with u ma frend let’s wait tonga ***** wil neva rule this country 0 0 @Change HH first went to church at Kabwata SDA in the morning .they showed him on MV TV.I know you watch ZNBC. 0 0 PF has maintained top slot UPND has grown from third position to second position MMD has fallen from second slot to third position What we not sure about are the actual figures however the position are known. 0 0 today is tommorows young brother 0 0 All adventist should think twice to vote for HH. I am an adventist and tonga but i find the lie that he is an adventist and dr. Akombwa’a comment has kept me worried. Fellow bretherens Adventists can we ask the church board at central to disfellowship HH and president Akombwa. No sacred cows. When someone commits adultery elders quickly aranges for a board meeting. HH come right bro. No upright adventist joins politics ask Greyford how many lies he has made and how our elders wink. I do not know what Kapembwa Simbao tells electrolates. Adventist get sunday law. 0 0 Hater! What would it benefit you to “disfellowship” HH? 0 0 HH is trying to help poor blind Zambians have a decent life. This is an emergency, he is doing a good work , he can not rest because the country is in desperate need of good moral corruption free leadership. If HH loses , his children will go to the same schools they go to, his family will still have all their needs met, this is a labour of love for him. For the others its a game of survival . Zambians will realise this on 23 January when the man turns up drunk for the inauguration and it will be too late. All these cadres and tribalist a will go back to their poverty , with a country steeped in corruption and the international community will realise that Africans are still too backward to select a proper leader. 0 0 @JK you are loser.HH is for all Zambians ,all Christians in Zambia and your changwa Moslem Lungu from Boko haram Movement of The Panga Familly. 0 0 yes we know what is going on yes 0 0 Look at these few people at upnd rally in capital city and that of Edgar Lungu’s PF? THESE CRY BABIES SHALL COLLAPSE!GO PF GO! 0 0 @Eddy you want to use psychology to lecture us that ,the crowed on the picture was small.Thats a huge croud,dont you see.When we said your crowed with your chagwa Moslem Boko haram Lungu was small in Mandevu you said that it was because of rains.Its rain season now but surely this crowed has more than 5000 people . 0 0 I was there, these pictures were taken before the rally began. 0 0 SHANTY COMPOUNDS ARE LIKE A BIG MARKET PLACE WITH PEOPLE ALL OVER. ITS LIKE HOLDING A RALLY AT A MARKET AND YOU CLAIM THAT EVERYONE IN THE MARKET CAME FOR YOUR RALLY AND WILL VOTE FOR YOU. AND THEN YOU POST THE PICTURES ON SOCIAL MEDIA. 0 0 They came to our place yesterday with buses pleading with residents in kanyama where i stay o refused but some who wanted ride and fan even whe they returned they vowed to vote lumgu come 20tg you will see what iam talking about 0 0 You dont need to be the dullest person to know that it rained heavily in lusaka today.Find time to do something positive for yourself or you wil continue languishing in the shanties. You can start night school,its not late.Some postings on this site are a disaster.Even my friends who dropped off in Grade 7 at Tunduya Primary School in the 80’s cant post such disaster.For sure our standard of education has gone to the dogs. 0 0 I doubt if there is any candidate who will get more 53% of the votes in Lusaka. The votes will be split almost equally between HH and Lungu. Though I expect Lungu to get around 57% on the Copperbelt while HH is likely to get around 40%. 0 0 That is about right, and that will be a concern for PF 0 0 Imagine sending study guides into state house, adventist you know what I mean…… Vote wisely. 0 0 Elder HH what was the lessonbyou were teaching people in mtendere? When Jesus looked at the young richman, he saw a problem dispite him keeping all commandments, he could not sell all that he had and follow Jesus. Elder you have even crowned yourself as today’s Moses for who??? I did not expect you to go for campaigns today ba elder Hakainde but to serve God. You are not a good exmple to us young ones especially in the same movement. When I heard you would be in mtendere today I thought friends were lying. I am Tonga sir and an adventist who believe in our uprightness of our elders. Sir am sorry, i had a lot of respect for you when i did not know you are one us adventists because other churches doctrines are compromised on which day of rest is God’s but adventists know this truth. 0 0 And stop using church songs at your rallies. It is an abomination in the eyes of God. Do not use our church on your podium and all those elders singing praises for you are the one Jesus will say to I never knew you. These are the same that has made worship a preserve of the rich. We never mix politics with God. We read all this in the spirit of prophets and yet no elder or Pastor has condemned your acts. You are better off continue telling people how you are going to develop the nation without mix your political ego with the church. 0 0 #JK Ba Elder, give HH a break please. Politics is his calling and he should not be persecuted for that.Mind you it is hotly competitive, so much that he can not afford to rest any single day-after 20th, he will resume with Church programmes on Saturdays. If he is disfellowed at SDA as you wish, we will gladly receive him in the Catholic, after all it is the same God and Jesus we seek salvation from……….. 0 0 What a ka small crowd. ….Now HH-UPND napwa ichine chine. I feel sorry for HH. Peace and Prosperity to Mother Zambia. 0 0 They should also consider holding rallies in kabulonga area, new Kasama, and Roma plse so that we can also attend. 0 0 We are silent voters!! 0 0 i am sure for hh its gonna be flight 180 in upnds final destination!!!! 0 0 Haters the crowed is big.Bitter people how was yours in Kafue very small compared to HH.Shame on you. 0 0 You are spot on dear,, I attended both rallies in Kafue,, HH’s was the most attended,, no parking space for the Choppers in the ground because it was Fully parked by people bt EL’s imagine 4 Choppers were all parked mu ground,,, shame 0 0 Hahahahaha, mayo ine, can you honestly compare this meeting in the middle and highly densely populated place in Lusaka to that massive massive sea of people in Kafue? No wonder your HH is leading on the FULLY PAID UP SMS OPINION POLLS, you time wasters. EDGAR Lungu is our next and sixth President of Zambia. Why do you think world leaders have already recognized him? Wake up from self denial imwe ba UPND, it was all over the day EL was declared PF president. All these are formalities we are doing. 0 0 Great work. Viva HH we cant wait to vote you in as PF’s rigging formula has failed. #FLIGHTHH2015 HAPPY JUBILEE ZAMBIA 0 0 Tata mayo UPND was just ferrying cadres from different places.The rally started around 17hrs.UPND can’t win .Ba HH balalila.Pipo don’t want to change the govt.It’s too es-pensive to put a new party just 4 16 months.PF has won already.I could see how UPND supporters were greeted by PF symbol when cadres were going to their farms with buses.Anyway UPND overates itself too much.in 2011 i thought maybe UPND would win coz of the same popularity they claim online media n radio by callers.I was shocked it only mananged to get votes from bantu botatwe.I expect landslide to PF coz of easterners.Bemba speaking pipo will not vote for UPND coz of hatred UPND has for Bembas.Its like all bembas know that UPND leader hates bembas.Therefore PF will win come 20th Jan.UPND should avoid tribal politic 0 0 The politics of name dropping HH personally adopted as s strategy has proven impotent. The lack of investing in the youths to function has foot soldiers has sldo proved to be a grave mistake. It’s true to say politics is different ball game from business. For instance the confusion that PF went through is working out to have a positive impact to them. Through that turmoil it’s had allowed their candidate to be projected has an exceptionally humble with immense wisdom and a team player precisely the leadership Zambia requires in this 21st century politics. This a validation from the concept of depending on an individual to be the Messiah. I’m proud Zambians alive to this realisation. 0 0 JK you are a fool 0 0 I see more buses on this empty meeting in the midst of highly densely populated place of Lusaka than people. Writing on the wall! Viva Edgar Chagwa Lungu all the way. 0 0 I will thank you God to give you fellow zambians knowlledge, wisdom, peace,and joy for your right choosing. Amen!!!!!!!!!! 0 0 I was there, it was raining but the crowds were amazing.. People are ready for CHANGE– HH VIVA 0 0 I see HH winning with 83% as Muvi tv opinion poll 0 0 Peace maker, rue You may continue day dreaming on the MUVI opinion polls. The real determinant will be how voters do it on 20th. For now you are right, HH is president for MUVI TV and ZWD. We are waiting for the Zambian President on 20th. PF is very cool headed in these elections. UPND is very jittery and talking careless and behaving badly. We in PF are busy trying to campaign where it matters most in order to get more votes. We are not interested in your MUVI or ZWD polls because we know they are not a true representation of the Zambian people but a few UPND cadres. So we have no sleepless night about what MUVI says. 0 0 United Tongas, Bantu Batatwe for National Destruction 0 0 i would rather vote for a humble mature leader whose faith allows him to drink a bit than vote for an elder who willingly breaks the sabbath. what an unprincipled sabbath keeper. GO EL GO! 0 0 Comments are closed.