International Group of experts say Hichilema remains likely to win

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UPND President Hakainde Hichilema and UDF leader Miles Sampa addressing a rally at Villa Grounds in Livingstone
UPND President Hakainde Hichilema and UDF leader Miles Sampa addressing a rally at Villa Grounds in Livingstone


By Eurasia Group, the world’s largest political risk consultancy.

This election poses a bigger test for President Edgar Lungu than the by-election in January 2015 when he ran simply on former President Michael Sata’s legacy. He has lost many of his most charismatic supporters to Hichilema including Miles Sampa and Mulenga Sata, undermining his campaign that has increasingly relied on entertainers and payments to draw crowds.

Low turnout (32% nationwide) in the 2015 presidential election and the high number of newly registered voters this year present wildcards in the race.

Stronger turnout in Lungu strongholds like Muchinga and Luapula would undermine Hichilema’s chances. Roughly 1.7 million Zambians registered ahead of this election.

Lusaka, Southern and Copperbelt were the top three provinces in terms of new registrations — all three of these provinces will likely trend in Hichilema’s favor, helping him secure a first round victory.

The negative economic climate has been felt most strongly in the two largest provinces that brought the Patriotic Front to its first victory in 2011, Copperbelt and Lusaka. These two provinces will likely swing from supporting the ruling party to backing Hichilema’s UPND.

Other areas where Hichilema is likely to gain ground from a low base is in Northern, the home province of his vice presidential candidate, Geoffrey Mwamba. Even stronger backing from Hichilema’s home province of Southern (90% of voters backed him in 2015 with 49% turnout) will further support the opposition leader. Eastern, Muchinga, Luapula and Northern will likely remain firmly in the Patriotic Front’s camp and turnout will be critical to the overall outcome.

Government interference presents another wildcard. Interim president Guy Scott limited the ability of the government to use instruments of power in 2015. Lungu has clearly sought to use his incumbency advantage; blocking some opposition rallies and closing the opposition-supporting Post newspaper.

Despite this interference, opposition rallies have been well attended, especially in Copperbelt over the weekend and the Post continues to operate though at a more limited scale. In addition, Zambians voted out the incumbent in recent history. In 2011, despite similar practices, Rupiah Banda lost to Michael Sata.

Critically, the vote counting process under the Zambian Electoral Commission (ECZ), which lacks full independence, will be the key determinant of the contest.

Sporadic violence from both parties, despite the ECZ’s 10-day suspension of political campaigns in Lusaka and Namwala districts in July, will likely intensify over the last few days of the campaign and as votes are counted, but is unlikely to threaten national stability.

Zambia has a history of localized election violence, including significant riots in Lusaka in 2006 during the vote counting process when the opposition candidate at the time, Michael Sata’s lead evaporated and Levy Mwanawasa was announced the winner.

The election could extend into September if results are disputed or no candidate reaches a majority

The ZEC took four days to tally results in January 2015; once announced on 24 January Lungu was sworn in the following day.

New constitutional amendments will alter the timeline in this election, however. Vote counting will likely extend until Sunday, 14 August and in the event an outright winner is announced without a court challenge, the swearing in ceremony would take place the first Tuesday seven days following the announcement of the result.

Should the new 50%+1 threshold not be met, a second round would be required within 37 days of 11 August. If results are indeed challenged, a petition must be filed before the newly introduced Constitutional Court within seven days of a winner being declared, and the petition must be heard by the court within 14 days with a decision issued within 30 days.

In this context a winner would not necessarily be confirmed until the end of September, creating a long period of political uncertainty. The constitutional court is a new entity in Zambia, previous court challenges have not blocked the swearing in of a new president. How a challenge would be treated in terms of the swearing in of a new administration is unclear. It could go ahead in parallel with a challenge, likely sparking protest.

One undoubtedly positive result of the recent constitutional amendments is the inclusion of an elected vice presidential role. In the event that a president not be able to complete a full term, the vice president will now take over and complete the remainder of the term. This will eliminate what had become a common practice of snap presidential elections; held both in 2008 and in 2015 after the death of Levy Mwanawasa (August 2008) and Michael Sata (October 2014).

IMF deal likely, but not until December at the earliest

An IMF program is likely to follow a Hichilema victory, but only after the budget is presented in October. The IMF will insist that progress is made on reducing subsidies, especially on fuel and power tariffs though the later in installments after the deep political backlash to the 200%+ increase that Lungu introduced and swiftly reversed in January.

The program would likely run over three years with roughly $1 billion in financing over six disbursements. Under a less likely Lungu administration, a program would still be probable, but future disbursements would be in greater jeopardy as Lungu’s economic team would likely push back on some of the deeper structural reforms. If elections are perceived to have been fraudulent, the US may drag its heels on a deal over governance concerns, pushing the conclusion of a program well into 2017.

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63 COMMENTS

  1. PF cadres like Senior Citizen will only believe it when HH forms cabinet. They watch ZNBC a lot thinking that everything is okay.

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    • Such opinionated dossiers cooked and sold out by Neo Simutanyi are not unfamiliar lazy goon’s narratives. I have always told Neo to seriously take interest in going for “comparative politics” and Campaign and Elections Management” for contemporary politics at a high level. It looks like he is comfortable selling such kitchen sink stuff. His isual exclaimed is the used wor “LIKELY”. Ask hI’m his sample size and methods used in this opinion, you will realize he is a just salesman.

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    • Ok this quite an uneducated opinion. Really Copperbelt and Lusaka will tilt towards HH?? Such foolishness. We know that UPND has been ferrying cadres everywhere they have had a meeting hence creating the illusion of popularity. True they have out campaigned PF. I have found the president to be very poor at this. This not time to be spending time performing state duties at the expense of campaigning. As noble as that may be. Nevertheless, I contend that PF will carry CB, LSK, N, LP, M, E. UPND with Carry S, W, NW. They will split Central. E will offset S. True battle has been for LSK. So we don’t need ‘experts’ to tell us the way the results will turn out. Such inferiority complex. The dynamics of African polls are so different from the west. Just remember this UPND Ferries cadres to…

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    • Ladies and gentlemen, its GAME OVER for Lungu!…….. and he will go down as the most useless president in the history of Zambia

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    • Qwela Chiti Sr, to the contrary, we ensuring that HH is forever retired from active politics and the GBM takes over UPND. The pressure is on UPND and HH. HH is the one who is not sleeping well. You think PF was asleep all this time? You are cheating yourselves because you are dealing with crafty politician.

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    • Experts my foot … my money is on ECL! If wishes were horses even beggars could ride … the smart people of the Zambian Enterprise run this country. Euroasia does not run this country … We the people do, Euroasia does not vote in this country, We the people do!

      How many people in Kaputa even know about Euroasia? Yet every one is Kaputa know who ECL is!!! What A Sweet Life!

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    • If Zambians make a mistake of voting Lungu, they should expect unbearable hardships. Right now the Zambian government is broke, and for the country to get help from the IMF, the IMF will give hard conditions which PF will not be able to meet.

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    • Meant to say “Eurasia” not Euroasia … meant to say How many people in Kaputa even know about Eurasia? Yet every one in Kaputa know who ECL is!!! What A Sweet Life!

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    • Ba Blago … Zambian does not need the IMF to fix its current economic hardships. It needs to leverage it’s vast resources and monetize them. The second part is to revise ZRA and make it more efficient and broaden the country’s tax base.

      The third is to expand local banking capacity so that Zambians can have access to real capital to allow entrepreneurship to thrive. The fourth is to use the vast agricultural potential to create a dynamic neo-economic apparatus even if GRZ gets more involved.

      The 5th is to reinvent it’s manufacturing base with a strong real estate arm … all these can be actually generate cash from within which the IMF can’t.

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    • Mumba, you are clueless about how the modern global economy works. And do you really know how the banking sector operates. Right now a number of banks in Zambia are struggling because they cant recover loans. Zambian needs a smart leader who will begin from ground zero fixing the country because the country`s economic fundamentals are either very weak or non-existent. Your Lungu has no capabilities to do that. Reflect andbegin to think wisely, think about the future of your relatives in Zambia.

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    • Folks i know Neo Simutanyi very well. This rubbish is his usual cook up. He is comfortable selling such kitchen sink stuff. Catch his usual disclaimer in use of the word “LIKELY”. Ask him his sample size and methods used in this opinion, you will realize he is a just salesman of kitchen sink stuff.

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    • Ba Blago … post your resume here and I will share mine. We can then analyze between the two of us who actually has the acumen to understand modern global economic faculties. You see the problem with your likes is that they assume everything.

      Well, I have some bad news for you … 25 years Investment Bank with the world’s most diversified Bank, I run own three companies in the financial sector with offices in Europe and here in the United States, a new office to open in Lusaka soon.

      All my relatives are very safe with ECL and they are all voting for him. They are smart and informed people whose decisions are respect. HH is not the right candidate to lead the smart people of the Zambian Enterprise at the moment.

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    • DIASPORANS, time to ring back home speak with all your relatives – if they had any doubts ABOUT PamaFI, just DIRECT THEM TO THIS NEWS!!! NEXT 48 HRS, PHONE ALL YOUR KITH & KIN – TELL THEM IT IS TIME WE BOOTED OUT PamaFI!!

      Vote WISELY 11/8/2016!! VOTE ZAMBIA FORWARD!!! VOTE UPND!!!

      “OPERATION WATER MELON!!! Aka GREENY na Aka REDDY!!!”

      #MURDERERCHAGWAMUSTFALL!! #PamaFikuyabebele!!!

      I thank you!!

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    • DON’T EVEN LET YOUR HEART SKIP A BEAT. THESE EXPERTS ARE HH AND UPND FINANCIERS WHO HAVE SEEN AND CONVINCED THEMSELVES THAT HH CAN NEVER WIN. SO, THEY ARE DOING EVERYTHING THEY CAN TO HELP SO THAT BY ANY MIRACLE HE WINS SO THAT THEY CAN GET THEIR MONIES BACK PLUS THE COMPANIES THEY HAVE BEEN PROMISED BY HH. THEY ARE FAKE EXPERTS. REAL EXPERTS ARE VOTER’S CARD-CARRYING ZAMBIANS.

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    • Who are these banch of 1diots masquerading as eexperts? That analysis can only excite the under fives.

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    • @1.7 Blago. MUMBA IS 101% RIGHT. ZAMBIA DOES NOT NEED IMF OR WORLD BANK TO DEVELOP. ZAMBIA NEEDS ZAMBIANS AND VERY COMPREHENSIVE GOVERNMENT POLICIES TO DEVELOP COUNTRY’S INFRASTRUCTURE THAT ENABLES ZAMBIANS TO BECOME INNOVATIVE AND CREATIVE JUST AS PF STARTED WITH. HOWEVER, IF THERE STILL CHAPS LIKE YOU WHO STILL THINK IMF IS ZAMBIA’S SILVER BULLET FOR ALL OUR PROBLEMS, THEN FORGET ABOUT ZAMBIA DEVELOPING. WITH JUST ABOUT ENOUGH MONEY ZAMBIA AND THE ABUNDANT NATURAL AND HUMAN RESOURCES ZAMBIA CAN RECORD TREMENDOUSLY MASSIVE DEVEOPMENT IN 5 YEARS.

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    • Pollsters in two general elections in two countries in the past two months have been so wide of the mark on the eve of the vote that it has been embarrassing.
      In both Israel, on 17 March, and Britain, on 7 May, respected polling organisations were forecasting a neck-and-neck race between the ruling parties and the main opposition.
      In Israel, exit polls on the main TV stations forecast that Benjamin Netanyahu’s Likud Party and Isaac Herzog’s Zionist Union were on track to receive 25 seats each in the 120-member Knesset (Parliament). In reality, Likud won 31 while ZU managed 25.
      In Britain, polls were consistently showing that it was too close to call between the Conservatives and Labour. Even on 6 May, the last polls had barely a cigarette paper between them when it came to polling…

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  2. Sine when did young Sata become a charismatic leader, do you truly believe this lie? Since when did Sampa become a charismatic leader, do believe this lie? Remember, even in the last by-election, we had these pro-Hichilema forecasters, but reality proved them wrong. UPND always celebrates before rults are fully announced. You are crying again!!! These forecasters are Hichilemas business partners, PF and ECL has voters as its partners.

    Enjoy these lies like you do always, we enjoy winning elections.

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    • kekekekekekee I like your last sentence there Asigai…these are blog voters…us we cast ”real” votes not masebela iyai…continue punching keys which you enjoy most and keep comforting your butts!

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    • Hahaha, it seems well balanced has changed its meaning. When did Sampa or Mulenga become charismatic? It’s not called “well balanced” when you hear what you want to hear. Lolest!!!

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    • I can’t blame you. You watch too much ZNBC news because the brothers and sisters at that institution have brainwashed you with their version of “balanced”

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  3. Keep on cheating yourselves, believing a 3rd party non-factor source who think Gay Scott, Mulenga, Miles and GBM are charismatic.

    Losers.

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    • Kudos Lungu PF has this afternoon murdered a UPND supporter who they clobbered to death on instructions from the humble jameson president Lungu. That hypocrite.

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  4. Okay we will see on Friday, Saturday and Sunday. Inauguration is on Tuesday next. Expect the waste of this article. Pawanto fye Chi Dununa reverse chizalila pa Tuesday. Tell your candidate not to cry again as he did in 2015

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  5. Keep on dreaming. Lsk and Copperbelt are firmly with the PF. HH will cry again.HH has always won opinion polls and on social media. We are sending into political retirement after August 11.

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    • I live in Lusaka and only because Zambians are cowards and don’t want to assert themselves is the reason you only see PF campaign material and regalia. Ichibemba citila, ameno mafupa. These Zambians are deceptive……schooled by Sata in taking chameleon camouflage or is it watermelon.

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  6. Was this guys dreaming why giving force hopes to well known losses which Lusaka is up and down has gained?? Oluza azibika

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  7. Really laughable this company called the world’s largest political risk consultancy, I wonder how its bread is buttered…analyzing data from the comfort of an air conditioned room they think they are in the US…this is Africa.

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  8. This article is flawed and has numerous lapses both in fact and objectivity.The following re issues to look at;(1)Mulenga,Sampa and Scott re NOT charismatic and don’t ve any political clout to decide this election in HH’s favor.
    (2)To insinuate that upnd will win in Lusaka,Northern and Copperbelt is a very big lie.Because in these places,PF is still enjoying massive support as evidenced by the heroes stadium,Levy Stadium and Kasama rally attendance amid favorable sentiments for PF in these places.
    (3)PF’s infrastructure agenda…….continued

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  9. FAKE AND HIRE ANALYST WITHOUT FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS ON THE GROUND EDGAR LUNGU WINS BY 65% ANYING IN VOTER TURN OUT OF 39% TO 40%

    PRPVINCE WEIGHT EDGAR HH
    Lusaka 16.7% 65% -35%
    Copper belt 15.5% 65% -35%
    Western 7.4% 65% -35%
    Northwest 6% 65% -35%
    Eastern 11.6% 75% -25%
    Northen 8.3% 75% -25%
    Central 9.6% 75% -25%
    Luapula 7.6% 80% -20%
    Southern 12.1% 30% -70%

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    • You delude yourself to think ECL will get even more than 15% in North West, West, Southern and Central.

      Talk is cheap…..Thursday is two days away or is it a day?

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  10. SOME POINTS ON VOTER TURNOUT THOUGH TRUE BUT THE REASONING AND BASIS IS FLOWED ITS EDGAR LUNGU WINNING BY 65% GIVEN THE TURN OUT OF BETWEEN 39% AND 45% LOOKING AT HISTORICAL PARTTEN

    TO THE CONTRARY EDGAR HAS TAKEN A SHARE OFF HH VOTERS AND CARRIED HIS OWN AND SATAS 2011

    THERE IS NO SHIFT TO HH IN NORTHERN COPPERBELT LUAPULA EASTERN AND LUSAKA ITS THE OPPOSITE OF VOTERS VOTING NOW FOR HH IN WESTERN SOUTHERN NORTHWEST AND CENTRAL PROVINCE UNLIKE PREVIOUS

    TO COMMENT AND CONCLUDE THAT HH WILL WIN IS NOT ONLY A FALLACY BUT ALSO A LACK OF UNDERSTANDING OF THE VOTERS IN ZAMBIA AND THE CHARECTERISTICS OF HH AS A PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE IN THE ZAMBIAN…

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  11. Whereas HH is likely to Win, ECL will definitely win. I will spare you the details until the actual figures on 8/13.

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  12. Too many dumb people on this site. Its not about Lungu but the future of your children and your country. Most of these dull politicians you`re support will be no more in the next few years, and yet your children will have bleak future. Something wrong with many Zambians, hardly think of the future of there children. I can`t imagine how any parent with children will vote for Lungu and Kambwili.

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    • Blago, I feel sorry for you. You seem to have been dangerously brainwashed by UPND and HH that if he tells to jump from the roof of Findeco and that he will send angels to rescue you, you would truly jump. You need to believe in yourself that you have the ability to independently reason and make proper judgement.

      What you are saying is like you live on planet Jupiter. I would love to see you lan back safely to plane Earth. I pray your redemption from HH and UPND. Try shouting FREEDOM TO ME FROM THE BONDAGE OF UPND and HH. It may help. But do not forget to vote for PF on Thursday. It will help you feel like a winner. If you cannot beat them why not join them!!!

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    • @Asigai

      Get ready for Zambia’s redemption from corruption, theft, sleezy graft and Eurobond loans not to mention violence like today’s murderous attack on the upnd campaign team in Mutendere.

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  13. RATHER ;

    THERE IS NO SHIFT TO HH IN NORTHERN COPPERBELT LUAPULA EASTERN AND LUSAKA ITS THE OPPOSITE OF VOTERS VOTING NOW FOR EDGAR LUNGU IN WESTERN SOUTHERN NORTHWEST AND CENTRAL PROVINCE UNLIKE PREVIOUS

    FIGURES DONOT LIE ONLY SOCIAL MEDIA AND POLITICING BUT FIGURES DONOT LIE AND HH CAN NEVER WIN A ZAMBIAN ELECTION EVER

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  14. (3)PF’s positive Response to economic turbulency;Yes,urban people ve been affected by inflationary factors arising from plummeting copper prices on LME.But on the hand,pf has done enough to explain the causes of these problems and many people ve appreciated the causes which re global in nature.To say HH is winning based on a faded song of inflation,is indeed gullibility.
    (4)Infrastructure development;This report has deliberately and objectively chosen to ignore the ambitious and unprecedented massive infrastructure development that PF has undertaken across the country.This is the fundamental factor that will surely give PF a resounding landslide victory,no doubt about it.
    (5)The Edgar Lungu factor;Edgar Lungu has been an easy candidate to sale in the is election,not because he is…

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    • Why PF cannot win:

      (3) PF’s economic failures….inflation, price increases…..they are not global. People don’t eat sweet nothings.
      (4) unprecedented massive borrowing to finance corrupt infrastructure project. Zambia is now HIPC. (5) The Edgar Lungu factor. He is a thief. Has stolen more than K15 million in one year. He sells himself by brutality and murder. Today his goons murdered a upnd campaign team member in Mutendere.

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  15. What a useless analysis by some lazy chaps who have no clue of how Zambian politics operate. This is really laughable and these are some of the things that make the under 5 party and its supporters puffed up and start believing that they have already won the elections.
    Anyway, its just two days and all these silly analysis being floated will be rendered useless.

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    • And I and millions of well meaning Zambian will make sure Lungu thuggery, corruption and grand incompetence is buried not to mention his kleptomaniac long fingers.

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  16. “He has lost many of his most charismatic supporters to Hichilema including Miles Sampa and Mulenga Sata.”

    I stopped reading at that point. Miles Sampa and Mulenga Sata are far from Charismatic.

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  17. Clare Allenson you are an ***** just like the people who are paying you for this. I promise to write and call you on the 12 and 13 of August.. In a few days.

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  18. Internatioblnal group of experts? Come on guys hive me abreak please! These chaps failed to correctly predict the outcome of the recent Brexit polls in the UK, right in their own environment, and today thy are “experts”. This is Africa and Zambia you goons, have you heard of tribalism? Have you heard about tribes like Tonga, bemba etc? Has HH explained how the prices of mealie meal will be reduced in this economic situation? These goos have tools of statistical analysis, but it failed them with Brexit and many other elections in Europe, what tools can they use to.predict election results in Zambia when they dont even know the tribal element of HH’s politics?

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  19. Clare does not understand the psyche of the Zambian.
    The Zambians finally decide on election morning, and mobilize everyone towards the cause.
    Cell phones and the internet have become formidable tools to achieve this goal.
    I can foresee a Lungu, and PF, victory

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  20. its shallow and for brexit they missed it and failed o explain the outcomes now they have lawsuits to stop the parliamentary effect and use that to stay and avoid economic turmoil

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  21. There is obviously everything and all things that the Perpetual Loser (HH) and his cartel have to say to please their masters in the dark world. This is the last time HH will ever be mentioned in our political platform because we are geared to bury him deep. The cartel know very well that come 13th August 2016, they the will be answerable to bad things they have done to Zambians.
    As far as we know its Counter Nega Nega (CNN) that we are applying this 11 August and HH should be ready face the wrath of the people. The evil plans and schemes by UPND have been laid bare and now the ballot will do the rest.

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  22. That analysis is not factual and does not hold what is obtaining in Zambia. Wait for Thursday 11th, August, 2016 when the truth of the matter will be known. These are speculation to cool down some sections of society that support the perpetual losers.

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  23. A consultant is one who saves you enough money to pay himself. He can as well pump you up with confidence so that you can now sign your last cheque for him.

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  24. We have heard this before. This is sway our intentions but it’s too late and will only be digested by those bigots who are mainly based overseas. When HH loses copperbelt, he’ll definitely say the election has been rigged since this opinion has given him false hope

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  25. Please don`t push the hopes of this man ONE HAKAINDE HICHILEMA, he doesnt have a safety gap to himself to enable him to handle or coupe with the pending defeat.For now he needs people to prepare him for the outcome of the election. This game of elections you can`t be so sure of win that you even start celebrating.Until the last voter has left the booth and all votes counted, all you can do is to celebrate your chance to have participated. SO HOLD YOU BREATH AND WAIT FOR THE PEOPLES VERDICT IN LESS 48HRS.

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    • Ndanje Khakis you are breaking my ribs with laughter!!! KiKiKiKiKiKiKiKikikikikikiKikikikikikikikikikikikikikikikikikikikikikikikik

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  26. A very flawed analysis of the Zambian political atmosphere. In 2016 ECL is a household name with a very likable approach to the people he has been governing for 18 months. He has superintended over an ambitious infrastructure development despite the economic hardships from the crash in prices for our main forex earner copper.
    He has gained himself kudos from the masses, despite incessant attacks from UPND and its leadership of HH and the violent GBM.
    The selection of running mates also subtracted to HH’s chances as most Zambians are extremely skeptical of having GBM as a running mate as he is well known for violence, wife battering, failure to settle benefits for former employees and being overly overweight.

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  27. Gone are the days when the word “EXPERTS” caused terror in the minds of Africans. After all, any crook can claim to be an expert these days. Just recently, so called Experts in America predicted Donald Trump would not win the Republican Nomination and we all know what happened. By now, we all know opinions are not facts. No credible study has been carried out in Zambia by any credible organisation to give any credible basis on which any sane person can claim they know who will win this year’s elections. So Zambians- lets go and vote on Thursday in huge numbers and after that, we will know who the president of Zambia will be be. All the best and may peace reign in our blessed nation.

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  28. Clare Allenson do you really exist. You like a robot to me.
    Stronger turnout in Lungu strongholds like Muchinga and Luapula would undermine Hichilema’s chances. Roughly 1.7 million Zambians registered ahead of this election. Hichilema is likely to gain ground from a low base is in Northern, the home province of his vice presidential candidate, Geoffrey Mwamba. Who told you that Muchinga is different form Nothern and analyse them separately. Mind you Luapula, Nothern, and now Muchinga were one province NORTHERN PROVINCE. It has just been divided into three provinces for administrative purposes not for behaving differently.People like you have relied too much on 2015 results. In 2015 we had South for HH and this time we have Eastern for ECL.
    Can you Western province please shock this…

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  29. LUNGU in 2015 got 15% in Western Province this time ………. Lungu lost in Chisamba and Chibombo. This time what happens. Lungu lost in some constituency in Eastern Province. This timewhat will happen in those constituencies.
    Clare Allenson Senior Analyst, Sub-Saharan Africa East Africa think on these and other points

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    • My tke is that, ECL will do much better than last time. HH’s supporters voted en mass, while in some PF strongholds there was some aparthy. This time more registered voters will vote and where ECL got less or did not well, like Eastern, Western, Chisamba, N/W, this time he is likely to get more votes. The problem with HH is that his power base remains static while ECL is moving upwards.

      ECL is likely to get an upper hand on 11th.

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    • All in all- A sham election

      The ECZ, The Pf puppets and the system of manual handling the election in the 21st century is intolerable in any modern country

      We are backwards, we do things manual which of course implies any irregularities are all but washed under the carpet.

      I hope HH still remains at the helm and I hope we embrace electronic tabulation of elections

      This was always a harder election to power from the current regime than it was going to be for the next election when Lungu has left and they are marketing anyone else

      Lets draw a line in this Mugabe type of election and embrace a more modern type of election next time
      Commiseration HH
      Thanks

      Bb2014

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