Africa remains world’s second-fastest growing region

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Map of Africa

In 2016, Africa as a whole maintained its position as the world’s second-fastest growing economies behind South Asia, according to data released during the Financial Presentation at the African Development Bank Group’s Annual Meetings, which entered its third day on Wednesday in Ahmedabad, India.

The report analyzed the continent’s economic outlook, Bank operations, financial profile and capital market activities, noting that the continent recorded an average of 2.2% GDP growth in 2016 compared to 7.1 posted by South Asia powered India against a 2% average for the developed economies.

The report said African economies would improve further to average 3.4% growth in 2017 and 4.3% in 2018, driven largely by growing domestic demand and good performing countries.
“Although natural resources and primary commodities are still major drivers, their importance has declined while domestic factors including consumption demand play an increasing role,” AfDB Senior Vice-President Charles Boamah said during the presentation.

Other factors include improved supply conditions and good business environment, prudent macroeconomic management, favorable external financial flows, and high public spending, he said.
The report notes that, while natural resources and primary commodities remain major growth drivers, their importance has declined, while domestic factors including consumption demand now play a greater role.

Vast differences in country, sub-regional performances

East Africa emerged the best sub-regional performer with a 5.3% real GDP growth average driven by strong performance in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Djibouti.

North Africa followed with an average 3.3% growth driven by recoveries in Egypt (4.3%) and Algeria (3.5%), amidst persistent political uncertainties.

Southern Africa recorded a 1.1% average due to the poor performance of South Africa and Angola, two major commodity exporters in the sub-region hit by drought, persistent power outages and adverse terms-of-trade shocks, while Madagascar and Mozambique were rare bright spots, posted growth rates above 4%.

Central Africa followed with a 0.8% average due to low commodity prices while some countries lime Cameroun proved resilient. Central African Republic and São Tomé and Príncipe improved their economic performances.

West Africa was at the bottom, averaging a 0.4% growth rate despite good performances by Côte d’Ivoire and Senegal, which were cancelled out by recession and socio-political factors that bogged down the economy to 1.5% growth.

Nigeria and South Africa account for the largest share of Africa’s GDP with 29% and 19%, respectively.

Overall, external flows slowed

The report said Foreign Direct Investment increased slightly reaching US $56.5 billion in tune with growing urbanization and cities growing with consumer markets increasingly targeted by foreign investors. Official development assistance (ODA), which remains the most important source of public finance, declined by 1.7%.

Remittances mainly by the African diaspora represent a key source of capital for African countries totaling US $64.6 billion in 2016, the report says.

However, the facts on the ground suggest that these resources are insufficient to fully meet the continent’s development challenges.

An improved outlook

In this regard, the Bank estimates that its High 5 priorities – Light up and power Africa, Feed Africa, Industrialise Africa, Integrate Africa, and Improve the quality of life for the people of Africa – would spearhead Africa’s economic diversification and growth in broad-based economic opportunities that will shield the continent from future commodity shocks and enhance their resilience.

“Growth prospects would further be boosted by expected increases in commodity prices, strong domestic demand, better macroeconomic governance and an improved business environment,” co-presenter and Acting Vice-President for Finance, Hassatou N’Sele, said.

However, the report also cited rising debt, structural weaknesses, power outages, climate change, conflict, political instability and terrorism among some of the downside risks which should not be ignored.

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5 COMMENTS

  1. And Zambia is still a semi- laggard performer with average 3% growth led by visionless PF which ruined RB’s average 6% growth .So sad we did away with good leaders in 2011 thru lies by MCS.

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    • There is money to be made in Africa. But Africa should support Africans (black,white or what ever colour as long as he/she is African) remember being African is not just black.

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  2. As ye sow so shall ye reap. An old saying which has stood the test of time. Change what you can change accept what you can’t.

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  3. The economy in Africa will only improve when governments start focussing on what needs to be done than focussing on fighting imaginable enemies and throwing them in jails. There is a lot of work that needs to be done by our leaders. In our case in Zambia, we have two impotent parties the PF and the UPND who are busy wasting everybody’s time. And instead of the people saying the economy is improving it is government leaders saying so, but ofcourse the personal economies of our leaders are improving. The fake inflation numbers are so glaring, How does inflation move from 22% to 8% overnight without any economic fundamentals changing on the ground. How sickening!!

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  4. Africa remains world’s second-fastest growing region- Lusaka Times ,we are not interested in Africa’s performance but we are interested in how Zambia is performing. So, tell us how Zambia is in relation to the best performing country on the continent. So stop painting with same brush by deviating peoples attention from the fact that Zambia is the worst preforming county just ahead of Zimbabwe and Somalia.

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