The latest Zambia Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS) has revealed that half of Zambia’s 14 million people are aged below 15 years.
The ZDHS for 2013-2014 also shows that an average Zambian household consist of 5.1 people and at least 27 percent of households are headed by women.
The ZDHS released today also reveals that currently, 66 percent of households own a mobile phone, 57 percent have a radio while 37 percent own a television set.
The survey which was conducted using a nationally representative sample of 16,411 women aged 15-19 in all selected households and 14,773 men aged 15-59in all selected households representing a response rate of 96 percent of women and 91 percent of men.
In health, the ZDHS shows that Zambian women begin sexual activity one year earlier than Zambian men.
It reveals that the median age at first sex for women age 25-49 is 17.3 years compared to 18.3 years for men aged 25-49.
It shows that women with no education begin sexual activity 4.3 years earlier than women with more than secondary education.
It reveals that nearly 6 in 10 women initiated sexual activity by age 18 compared to 46 percent of men.
The survey also shows that HIV testing has improved since 2007 when only 19 percent of women and 12 percent of men had been tested and received the results.
It further shows that more than 78 percent and 60 percent of men have ever been tested for HIV and received the results but 20 percent of women and 36 percent of men have never been tested for HIV.
It also reveals that of the 17,064 women and 15,599 men aged 15-49 eligible for testing, 90 percent of women and 84 percent of men provided specimens for HIV testing.
It shows that overall, 13.3 percent of Zambians aged 15-49 are HIV positive and that HIV prevalence is higher among women at 15.1 percent than men with 11.3 percent.
Overall, the total estimate of HIV prevalence among adults aged 15-49 has declined slightly from 15.6 percent in 2001-02 to 13.3 percent in 2013-14.