Thursday, July 18, 2024

Veteran Diplomat Vernon Mwaanga Urges African Union to Take Action in Restoring Stability to War-Torn Sudan”


Prominent veteran diplomat and retired politician Vernon Johnson Mwaanga has expressed deep concern over the intensifying conflict in Sudan. Dr. Mwaanga is urging the African Union (AU) to take more significant steps in restoring stability to the war-torn nation by collaborating with other international organizations.

Formerly Zambia’s envoy to the United Nations (UN), Dr. Mwaanga highlighted that the ongoing war in Sudan has resulted in the internal displacement of over 3.1 million people. He emphasized the urgent need for intervention to prevent further deterioration of the situation.

“Sudan is on the brink of collapse as forces loyal to two rival Generals battle for control of the resource-rich African nation. Fighting erupted in Khartoum on April 15, 2023, following weeks and months of tension between General Abdel-Fattah Burhan, Commander of the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF), and General Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo, head of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), a powerful Sudanese paramilitary group. These two men were once allies who jointly orchestrated a military coup in 2021, dissolving Sudan’s power-sharing government and derailing its short-lived transition to democracy following the ousting of longtime dictator General Al Bashir in 2019,” Dr. Mwaanga stated in a Sunday press release.

He continued, “In recent months, military and civilian leaders have engaged in negotiations aimed at establishing a power-sharing agreement to facilitate Sudan’s return to a democratic transition and end the political crisis. However, simmering tensions between the two Generals have escalated amid demands for the disbandment of the RSF and its integration into the regular army. The current armed conflict between these rival factions began in Khartoum but quickly spread to the troubled Darfur region, which has been a hotspot for more than 20 years. Sudan’s history of conflicts has been marked by foreign invasions, resistance movements, ethnic tensions, religious disputes, and resource conflicts.”

Dr. Mwaanga also recalled Zambia’s involvement in mediation efforts in Sudan, highlighting the country’s past role in promoting peace.

“Two civil wars between the central government and the southern regions claimed the lives of an estimated 1.5 million people, while the conflict in the western region of Darfur displaced over 2 million people and resulted in the deaths of more than 300,000. Since Sudan gained independence in 1956, the nation has experienced over 15 military coups, forcibly displacing 2.7 million people. Zambia and Tanzania, as frontline states, played crucial roles in mediating Sudan’s peace negotiations. As Foreign Minister of Foreign Affairs, I worked closely with my Tanzanian counterpart John Malecela and later with Benjamin Mkapa, who became President of Tanzania. We dedicated many months to Sudanese peace negotiations. One of the outcomes was the decision, backed by the United Nations, to hold a referendum in South Sudan, which enabled it to become an independent and sovereign state,” he explained.

The veteran diplomat emphasized that war, regardless of the reasons behind it, is repugnant and unacceptable. He lamented the dire consequences of the current conflict in Sudan, including the internal displacement of over 3.1 million people and more than 1.5 million Sudanese fleeing to neighboring countries such as Egypt, Chad, and Ethiopia. Dr. Mwaanga called for heightened AU mediation efforts, along with collaboration from other international organizations, to restore stability and bring an end to the suffering of the Sudanese people.


  1. What mwanga does not know and………

    the world community knows is that…….

    The Sudanese are very much like the somalis……..

    No one can intervene…….you go in there, they stop fighting each other and turn on you.

    After you leave , they start fighting again……

    Ask the Americans

    • Give war a chance in Sudan. Both sides are thugs who have been brutalising their dark-skinned fellow Sudanese. Let them fight on.

  2. We need stability here first, before solving others problems,
    Lets make sure our own house is in order before looking elsewhere

  3. How about suspending or fining Tunisia for their inhuman treatment of black africans at the whim of that ICU President?!!

  4. Forget it sir.

    Our AU are more interested in the Russia – Ukraine war. Remember the recent trip?.

  5. Mr Mwaanga are you a stranger or you just want to say something? The AU is just there to protect themselves (rulers). How did allow HH to travel to Russia for peace talks instead of going to nearby Khartoum? You should have told him to concentrate on improving African situation.

  6. @ Tikki
    Slowly you’re becoming a “grown man”…and you’re becoming very wise….Sudan is a very complicated country just like Somalia and thats true…we need to sort our country Zambia first….we should coexist and build our country together as Zambians not as UPND..PF…MMD or whatever Political party

    • Always been a grown man 🙂
      Just some on here live on a different planet
      Have always said these blogs are purely inter party rivalry
      And very little to do with Zambia’s well being

  7. AU can’t dare venture into Sudan…………

    Even the west or east know it is a Muslim quagmire like Somalia……….

    No one can stop that war apart from Sudanese themselves.

    Anyone dares goes there, the waring factions regroup and turn their guns on the supposed peacekeepers……

    After you leave in disgrace, they resume fighting each other……. , like what happened to the USA in Somalia

  8. To see what’s happening to this precious cradle of African history is disheartening to say the least, to be part of the disaster as an African citizen is a fact I have chosen to fight to the last breath. Sudan, like DRC, remains an emergency for the African Union…

  9. who are the blacks and somalian like? the RFP or the regular army. why create two separate armies in a country?

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