Mining, an industry that underpins global economies and fuels technological advancements, is no stranger to risks and hazards. However, beyond the legitimate mining operations, an insidious shadow industry lurks, one that operates outside the bounds of regulations and safety standards – illegal mining. This clandestine activity poses grave dangers not only to those involved but also to the environment and the communities they impact.
Illegal mining, also known as small-scale mining, is the exploitation of valuable minerals and resources without proper authorization or adherence to established mining laws. While it may seem like a quick path to prosperity for some, the reality is far from glamorous. The dangers posed by illegal mining are multifaceted and often leave a trail of destruction in their wake.
One of the foremost perils of illegal mining lies in the safety hazards faced by those engaging in these illicit activities. These miners operate with little to no oversight, using rudimentary tools and equipment, and often lack essential safety gear. The lack of proper training and protective measures leaves them vulnerable to accidents, injuries, and even death.
Underground mines without adequate structural support can lead to cave-ins and collapses, trapping miners underground and robbing them of any chance of survival. In open-pit operations, unstable walls can give way, leading to landslides that engulf workers. With no rescue teams on standby and emergency protocols in place, the consequences can be catastrophic.
The environmental ramifications of illegal mining are equally severe. Operating without regard for environmental regulations, illegal miners often use environmentally harmful techniques, such as the use of mercury and cyanide to extract precious metals like gold. These toxic substances leach into soil and water sources, polluting ecosystems and endangering wildlife. Deforestation and erosion caused by unregulated mining practices further exacerbate the environmental degradation.
Last week tragically saw the death of at least 2 illegal miners.A devastating incident at the old Mulyashi South Mine in Luanshya District, Copperbelt Province, has A devastating incident at the old Mulyashi South Mine in Luanshya District, Copperbelt Province, resulted in the death of a 32-year-old illegal miner, shedding light on the dangers associated with illegal mining activities.
Goodson Malama, hailing from Ndeke Township in Kitwe, lost his life on July 27, 2023, when the earth caved in while he was mining copper ore with 12 other unauthorized miners.
In a separate, yet similarly tragic incident, another illegal miner lost his life in Zimba District on the same day. Mwangala Mwakoi, a 45-year-old, was allegedly digging Amethyst when a pit collapsed on him in the Mapatizya area. As the search for Mwakoi’s body entered its third day, the incident serves as another grim reminder of the risks faced by illegal miners.
The incidents at both sites underscore the urgent need for authorities and stakeholders to address the issue of illegal mining. Promoting awareness of the dangers involved and enforcing mining regulations can help mitigate the risks and protect the lives of workers. It is essential to support formal mining practices that prioritize safety, environmental protection, and the welfare of those working in the industry.
As the search for the deceased miner continues, the recent tragedies stand as a stark reminder of the grave perils faced by those involved in illegal mining operations. Authorities and stakeholders are calling for greater awareness and adherence to mining regulations to protect the lives of workers and prevent further loss of life in the future.