Thursday, June 20, 2024

9 Barotse languish in jail without trial or bail weeks after arrest on alleged unlawful assembly


Author: Editor General, Barotseland Post

The Zambian government has often been accused of treating Barotse people differently from other Zambians under the national judicial systems, and the nine Barotse arrested in Livingstone over two weeks ago is the latest case to prove that state-sponsored mistreatment of Lozi people in Zambia not only exists but is also on the increase.

Since their arrest over two weeks ago on allegations that they addressed the media without permission, the nine Lozis are yet to be accorded either a trial or a bail hearing, while for the moment they continue to suffer deplorable prison conditions like convicted criminals.

To our understanding, the only crime the nine are accused to have committed was to organize a peaceful press briefing in response to another press briefing held earlier by Mutungulu Wanga, another Lozi and key proponent and emissary of both the Barotse Royal Establishment (BRE) and the Zambian Government (GRZ) currently tasked to rally Barotse people across Barotseland and Zambia to accept the BRE/GRZ proposed sham of a dialogue intended to rubberstamp government maneuvers to force Lozi people into accepting the Zambian government’s position on the long-standing but now defunct pre-independence Barotseland Agreement of 1964.

Naturally, after Mutungulu’s press briefing, the nine members of the Barotse National Freedom Alliance (BNFA) felt they needed to peacefully make known their contrary views on Mutungulu and his paymasters’ offer of fake dialogue. This, however, is what we understand made the nine arrested and incarcerated, firstly under seditious practice laws, but when subsequent police raids at their homes yielded no evidence to sustain seditious charges, their charge was changed to that of unlawful assembly.

Despite bail hearing or police bond being a right before the Zambian law, it would appear that Lozis are never accorded such luxury in Zambia but are instead usually imprisoned indefinitely until the state feels they have been punished anyway without ever finding them guilty of their alleged crimes. Then their respective charges would be accordingly dismissed through the technicality of nolle prosequi, without a possibility of either countersuit for wrongful incarcerations or compensations whatsoever.

If, for a moment, we assumed that they indeed held any unlawful assembly as charged, should they not qualify for statutory bail, police bonds or a commencement of trial within forty-eight hours of their arrest like other Zambians? Why must the Barotse’s own cases be different before the Zambian laws?

Meanwhile, as the Lozi endure such harsh punishment before the Zambian courts, the rest of the country would either pretend to not see or know what the state is doing to the Lozi or will cheer the state for suppressing the Lozi aspirations to exercise their basic human freedoms and rights such as free expression, assembly and conscience.

The Zambian Church, CSOs, Media, Politicians and National Human Rights watch groups equally stay mute as if in approval of such gross violation of the basic human rights of the Lozi people in Zambia. All these organizations usually voice outrage whenever other Zambians are similarly victimized by the state.

The unfortunate question we must pose, therefore, is whether Barotse people are second-class human beings or whether they are expected to take up arms before they could begin to be treated as a people deserving equity and equality before natural and international laws of justice!

Therefore, we also wish to agree with the BNFA for raising alarm and concern on the occasion of the African Freedom Day Commemorations because the people of Barotseland have no cause to celebrate the Africa Freedom Day when Freedom still eludes them.

In their May 25th message, the Barotse National Freedom Alliance expressed concern at the continued detention of nine of its members in Livingstone who were charged with unlawful assembly over two weeks ago.

BNFA Secretary General Mwiya Katukula wondered why the nine members have been detained for this long without trial or bail for merely holding a peaceful press briefing.

He further called on African leaders to reflect deeply on this as the continent commemorated Africa Freedom day on 25th May as many people were still denied the right to freedom of expression and assembly in Zambia and across Africa.

‘The right of assembly has been removed from the people of Barotseland,’ Katukula lamented.

The nine BNFA activists who were arrested in Livingstone by Zambia police are Col. Lubasi, Ndopu Sanjola, Pastor Elliot Mbulana and George Akufuna, the BNFA Regional Chairperson in Livingstone. Others are Bonny Silumina, Kebby Sishekanu, Phelim Kaungu, Ms. Mukubesa Mubita and Mrs. Yubai Mutukwa.

The first four were arrested on Thursday 10th May 2018 while the last five were arrested a few days later.

This was after Mr. Mutungulu Wanga held a meeting in Livingstone at Mukuni Park, on 5th May 2018, to solicit for support for the planned dialogue on the 1964 Barotseland Agreement between the Zambian government and the Barotse Royal Establishment (BRE).

The BNFA leadership in Livingstone reacted by calling for a press briefing to respond to the matters brought up by Mr. Wanga but were rounded up and arrested by the Zambia police.

Meanwhile, in a now too familiar pattern, the Zambia Police has not issued any statement on the Livingstone Barotse arrests, and this may possibly be yet another case which will go unrecorded in the judicial records of Zambia.

Source: Barotseland Post


  1. After some mzungu from Twin Rivers told Malozi that there’s diamond at Kalabo, some Malozi have since agitated for secession from the rest of Zambia. Very greedy chaps. Malozi have always lived the lie that Litunga was a King when the British just recognized him as a Paramount Chief as per Native Authorities Act of 1956, it also defines his boundary. His push to be recognized as King only earned the Knighthood hence the title Sir Godwin Mwanawina Lewanika. To declare a State within a State is Treason, and you know the consequences. Instead of keeping them in cells quickly charge them under the existing Law. It’s unfortunate that their sponsors have opted to remain outside Zambia, why don’t they come too and face the music because they’re confusing the people?

    • Stop misleading yourself and get knowledge.

      The Lozi are agitating for separation after the failure by successive Zambian governments to honor the pre-independence Barotseland agreement which was pre-condition for Barotseland joining Zambia.

      Secondly, Barotseland’s boundaries were defined in 1898-1905, way before the 1911 amalgamation which created Northern Rhodesia, and the Litunga was already recognized worldwide as the King of a well defined sovereign Barotse country as early as far back as then.

      Thirdly, the Barotseland Agreement of 1964 is the one which created a nation-state within another state, since Barotseland was to have its own fully fledged government, with the Litunga (King) as the Principal and sole authority and not Central Government at Lusaka. How can that be…

    • Siwale was mistreated and everyone was outraged for the ridiculous bail conditions he was given.

      His case is now in court, and this is as it should be.

      The question is why should the Lozi be treated any different, under the same laws, for a charge of unlawful assembly?

      This is the point being made here. Instead of you being out-raged many of your kind wish to cheer the state or criticize the victims?

  2. Well done zp,we don’t want confusion in this country, I know some of these people they are very old men who have worked and retired eaten their pensions and are now broke, why should they be causing trouble for us.

  3. Treason bail..? Those nine should be sent to Mbala remand prison straight away. And they should rot in there.

  4. I wonder why these people still want the country divided.Let us just live as one zambia one nation.I dnt think the barotse independence will ever be accepted by any Zambian president past,present and even future ones.zambia is one country

  5. Bo Sibeta, when and how did Balovale breakaway from Barotseland? Why was the Queen only appointing 1 Governor for both regions? Cecil Rhodes didn’t have the mandate to install Kings. Lewanika never conquered and reigned over the territories that Rhodes included in the Map he drew for Barotseland. Just accept that you were cheated than to continue living a lie.

  6. You are even fortunate! In other countries treason you go away before you appear in court, and the writer escorts them too never to return. Are you talking about Western Province?

  7. I read a history book by a British historian and in it there was a photo of Lewanika and Kapwepwe. The British author was laughing saying some African chiefs were made to sign things which they didn’t even understand! When was Lewanika in charge of the Copperbelt? Where did he learn cursive writing to sign a paper he didn’t understand? Oh, sorry, he had learned it earlier before the British came!

Comments are closed.

Read more

Local News

Discover more from Lusaka Times-Zambia's Leading Online News Site -

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading